After creating the GIA with Morocco, Mitterand and the Mossad General Toufik raised by the Jesuits and deeply anti-Muslim; General Toufik advised the Americans for the creation of Al Qaida and the 9/11 attack. Besides, he was present on September 11, 2001 to supervise this terrorist attack of which he was the architect!
The former director of the American intelligence service, the CIA, George Tenet, mentions in his memoirs published in May 2007 at HarperCollins editions meeting with the head of the recently retired Department of Intelligence and Security (DRS), the Mohamed Mediene, a certain 11th September 2001. General Toufik is discovered in Washington as part of an official mission, even as the attack on the World Trade Center in New York continues. George Tenet, who resigned from the CIA leadership in 2004, described the general as follows: "General Mohamed Mediene understood the pain we were experiencing and the challenge of terrorism. He feels only feeling, with dignity, compassion for our suffering. This testimony is all the more sincere because George Tenet admits that the United States "really did not understand the scale of the terrorist threat before 9/11", claiming that it was not heard before the attacks in New York and Washington. , while he communicated "alarming information on a terrorist attack in preparation," according to US media to whom the author has granted interviews following the release of his pamphlet. The former head of the CIA devoted to his Algerian counterpart a concise but respectful passage in his essay entitled At the Heart of Time: My Years at the CIA. A book in which he takes control of the policy of the US administration and criticizes the war of George W. Bush who accused of having decided to go to war without having previously discussed with officials of the country . In his book, George Tenet accuses the White House of falsifying intelligence reports and inventing a fictional relationship between Saddam Hussein and Osama bin Laden. The two men will, incidentally, be executed by the US secret service probably to silence any revelation on the role of the latter in the events that shake the Arab world since the Gulf War. Those who had the honor of having remained silent until 2007, the former boss of the CIA retorts only if he had ever made public his opinion on what had happened before the second invasion of Iraq in 2003, he has not failed to inform the administration in the course of his work. The United States has always applauded the role of Algeria in the fight against terrorism and put forward the experience of the Algerian army in the war against this transnational phenomenon. The story of George Tenet confirms, in any case, the existence of a close cooperation between the Algerian and American intelligence services which does not date from today. Even if they are not always listened to by the political policies of both nations !
Tewfik and the "death machine"
General "Tewfik" Medien was the main organizer of this counter-insurgency warfare strategy, which left tens of thousands of deaths and enforced disappearances from 1992 to 2000 (a strategy directly inspired by the "doctrine of revolutionary war" , or "DGR", theorized and implemented by the French army against the Algerian people from 1954, during the liberation war initiated by the FLN nationalists6). So many crimes against humanity, as defined by the statutes of the International Criminal Court (ICC). Hundreds of senior ANP and DRS special forces officers were either actors or accomplices, while thousands of non-commissioned soldiers had no choice but to do the "dirty work" ( as before them the French soldiers mobilized in Algeria to "break the bougnoule"). Since 1997, Algeria-Watch has been trying to document their abuses, in the perspective of legal actions that will allow their victims to have their rights recognized.
After a sometimes chaotic career after independence in the Military Security, the regime's political police, Tewfik was promoted to the head in 1990 (when she became "DRS"), on the initiative of General Larbi Belkheir who was then the "strong man" of the regime. Already considerable, the powers of the DRS and its leader will extend further from the military coup of 11 January 1992, whose promoters deposed President Chadli Bendjedid and cancel the second round of legislative elections to be won by the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS). With his deputy Smaïl Lamari, known as "Smaïn" (1941-2007) 7, Tewfik will then be the principal designer and organizer of a real underground "death machine" aimed at "eradicating" any opposition - Islamist or otherwise - by all the means: widespread torture, enforced disappearances and extrajudicial killings by thousands, manipulations of armed groups claiming Islam, forced displacement of population, systematic elimination of officers who disagree with this policy ... An enterprise led by these two men in close consultation with other "january" generals - the putsch took place in January 1992 - at the head of the government, the People's National Army (ANP) or the DRS: Larbi Belkheir, Khaled Nezzar, Abdelmalek Guenizia, Mohammed Lamari, Mohammed Touati (as well as their civilian accomplices). The main motivation of these men was not ideological or "republican": it was for them to preserve at all costs the circuits of corruption and enrichment they had built for their benefit since the early 1980s, by eliminating or returning all those who could have called them - the Islamists in the first place - and their supporters, by a real "state terrorism" - a policy generally endorsed by the successive French governments (even actively supported by some of them).
For over fifteen years, the modes of action of this state terrorism, the details of its abuses and the names of their leaders have been widely and rigorously documented by the investigations of national and international human rights NGOs, testimonies of dissident officers and families of the victims, as well as investigations by independent journalists8. These publications testified that the "war against civilians" of the 1990s in Algeria fits well into the grim procession of industrialized state killings recorded since the Second World War: those where, apart from colonial wars and inter-state wars , the national victims are each in hundreds of thousands (Indonesia, China, Cambodia, Guatemala, Colombia, Sudan, Congo-Kinshasa, Sri Lanka, Rwanda, Chechnya, to name only the principal ones).
Some of the crimes against humanity committed at the initiative of Tewfik Mediène and his colleagues were revealed in 2001 by dissident lieutenant Habib Souaïdia, in his book The Dirty War, where he recounted the atrocities he had been témoin9. Then by another dissident officer in 2003, Colonel Mohammed Samraoui, who detailed in his Chronicle of Blood Years the modalities of the instrumentalization of "Islamist" violence by the heads of the DRS and the ANP!
In October 2003, Algeria-Watch and Algerian activist Salah-Eddine Sidhoum published the report Algeria, the machine of death, which detailed, testimonies in support, the operation of the largely clandestine repressive device implemented by these derniers11. In 2004, in a reference book, Françalgérie. Crimes and lies of States, journalists Lounis Aggoun and Jean-Baptiste Rivoire have very precisely synthesized and put into perspective all the information then available to understand the establishment of this "machine of death", as well as the complicity French authorities in this process12. A detailed and completed work, the same year, by the Justice Committee for Algeria, organizer in Paris of the 32nd session of the Permanent Tribunal of Peoples devoted to "Violations of human rights in Algeria, 1992-200413". Since then, Algeria-Watch has repeatedly documented, through multiple studies and press releases, the role of the DRS and its leader Tewfik in this state terrorism, still active in 2015, certainly in new forms. is to admit that all this information, yet quite easily verifiable, was hardly taken up at the time by the Western media, especially French, which most then ignored. Hence their perplexity when they had, ten years later, try to explain the reasons for the departure of "Tewfik", sometimes called "god of Algeria" in the Algerian press itself. These media were indeed the first targets of the sophisticated device of misinformation deployed in the 1990s by the head of the DRS and his colleagues, to hide the reality of state terrorism they implemented: their bet is that the enemy designated by them being the "Islamist barbarian", the French and Western media would close their eyes on the state barbarity implemented to "eradicate" it. A bet unfortunately won for the most part, as attested by a thousand examples the silence that hosted in France the publication in 2008 of the shocking and revealing posthumous testimony of the Algerian journalist Saïd Mekbel, assassinated on 3 December 1994 by "Islamists" . In the interviews given in autumn 1993 to the German journalist Monika Borgmann, the editorialist of the daily Le Matin - where he consistently supported the policy of "eradication" of Islamists pursued by the Janitorial Generals - explained why he was convinced that the murders of secular intellectuals who had been multiplying for a few months, attributed to the GIAs (or claimed by them), were actually sponsored by the general "Tewfik" Medien: it was in his view a "pedagogical terrorism", aimed at "awakening civil society" 15. And he said his conviction that if he was killed in his turn, it would be on his order. Evicted in 2015, well seen by the new US administration, the former head of intelligence "Toufik" still exerts influence within the Algerian security apparatus.by Louise Dimitrakis -
Saidani "The Bastard Toufiq is responsible for the attacks of Tibhirine, Tiguentourine .skikda! He is no longer officially in office. But from his home in Club-des-Pins, where he is officially retired, General Toufik, former boss of Algerian intelligence, continues to advise and receive relatives and influential leaders. Since September 2016, his relations with the Bouteflika are noticeably improving. The "dismissal" of Amar Saadani, the former boss of the FLN, in October 2016 was the pledge demanded by the general to be reconciled definitively with the presidential clan.
A reconciliation welcomed by the American partners of Algeria and the return of the Republicans to the White House seem to give strength to the legend of General Toufik "An exceptional agent" From the first exchanges initiated, the new administration installed at the CIA by Mike Pompeo and their counterparts in the newly formed Security Directorate (DAS), the new entity that officially replaced the DRS since the end of January 2016, the name of General Toufik has come back repeatedly in bilateral discussions. "For Americans, General Toufik has always been a reliable partner, a man of experience and an exceptional agent," says Mondafrique a lieutenant-colonel still in office in the new organization chart of the DAS. "The Americans always keep in memory the impressive network of General Toufik in neighboring countries including Libya," said our source that the Algerian relay in Libya, Mali or Syria is a strike force that interests the CIA and other Western agencies: "Before his departure from the head of the DRS, General Toufik gathered around him not less than 1200 agents. In his farewell speech, he had been very insistent on the crucial importance of protecting our sources and continuing to enhance our infiltration work, "says our interlocutor. Will the return of the Republicans to the head of the CIA thus give a new influence to General Toufik? Yes, replies another captain of the judicial police who has just been reactivated within the services led by Major General Tartag.
"The Americans remember very well General Toufik's trip in the summer of 2001 when our services had prepared a detailed report on a potential terrorist threat on American soil.
At the time our agents infiltrated Afghanistan and Sudan had gathered valuable information. Unfortunately, the Americans had not studied our reports accurately and the threat was taken seriously after the funeral September 11, "says our source. Warming up relations with Bouteflika September 11 marks precisely a major turning point in the relations maintained by the General Toufik with his American and Western partners in general. A few months later, he returned to Washington in 2001 to meet with CIA officials.
The exchanges are intense and this time, the Americans are listening attentively to the one who suggested to them not to foresee an armed action in Libya in the 80s. At the time, General Toufik was the military attache of The Algerian embassy in Tripoli. Today, with the new geopolitical challenges posed by the Libyan situation, General Toufik will not be bored because of his retirement. He practically plays the role of adviser to the shadow of the Algerian Presidency. And Abdelaziz Bouteflika knows full well that his presence in the arcs of Algerian power will reassure the United States and Europe eager for stability and regional peace. First sign of the return in force of the ideology of General Toufik: the almost official reintegration DRS officers in multiple administrations and ministerial offices while in 2016 their withdrawal was ordered by the Palace of El-Mouradia. "The blue card", the famous procedure of the DRS by which any future senior official or minister must pass before his appointment is validated is still relevant in Algiers. Like his American friends, Abdelaziz Bouteflika has learned from the past: he no longer wants to deprive himself of the essential experience of an old intelligence fox.